The red chalice , bearing the X - shaped cross of St. Andrew, was adopted as the symbol of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) by the denomination's General Assembly in 1971.
The chalice was chosen because it represents the centrality of the Lord's Supper in every Disciple's life. The color red was chosen because it represents vitality, spirit and s acrifice .
The St. Andrew's Cross, which is the national cross of Scotland, is so called because it is believed that St. Andrew died on a cross of the same shape; St. Andrew is considered to have been the first evangelist by bringing his brother Simon Peter to follow Jesus. It also reflects the Scottish Presbyterian roots of the church. Both Thomas and Alexander Campbell studied in Scotland, were of the Presbyterian faith, and later were instrumental in the founding of the Disciples of Christ.
Significance of the Chalice